Kantorowicz, Ernst

(1895-1963)
   historian; among the century's premier medievalists. Born to an affluent middle-class family in Posen (now Poznan), he was studying philosophy at Berlin* when World War I erupted. He volunteered for the army and served first in France (he was wounded at Verdun) and then in Turkey. While working on the Baghdad Railway, he learned Arabic and formed an interest in the Islamic world. After Germany's defeat he resumed his studies, this time in economics. Concurrently, he joined the Freikorps* and participated in actions against the Spartacus League* in Berlin, the Poles in Posen, and Munich's Raterepublik. He enrolled at Heidelberg late in 1919 and took a doctorate in 1921 with a dissertation on the Muslim artisan guilds; he was self-educated as a medievalist.
   While at Heidelberg, Kantorowicz belatedly joined Stefan George's* circle (George-Kreis) and formed a friendship with the poet himself. His first book, the idealized biography Kaiser Friedrich der Zweite (Emperor Frederick the Second), was written under George's influence and was published in 1927 to considerable acclaim. Not only did it establish Kantorowicz, while raising a storm of protest among academics who claimed that its literary qualities were superior to its accuracy, but it spawned an academic career. Frankfurt's new university gave him an honorary professorship in 1930 and promoted him to full professor in 1932. But the academy remained uneasy with someone who cared more about style than historical technique. His fidelity to a mystical German Reich led him to reject the egalitarianism of the Republic. Later, how-ever, he regretted the role his biography played in aiding the NSDAP (Hitler* claimed to have read the book twice).
   An assimilated Jew,* Kantorowicz was forced to resign his professorship late in 1933. Awarded emeritus status in 1934, he relocated to Berlin and taught occasionally at Oxford. In November 1938, the month of Kristallnacht,heem-igrated, going first to England and then to America. He taught at Berkeley until California's loyalty oath led him to accept appointment at Princeton in 1950. Much of his best scholarship was completed in the United States.
   REFERENCES:Cannon, Blackwell Dictionary of Historians; Landauer, "Ernst Kantorow-icz"; Lehmann and Sheehan, Interrupted Past; Malkiel, "Ernst H. Kantorowicz"; NDB, vol. 11.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • KANTOROWICZ, ERNST HARTWIG — (1895–1963), German medieval historian. Born and educated in Prussia, he joined the army in World War I and was wounded at Verdun. At Heidelberg, Kantorowicz carried out research in ancient and then in medieval history and produced his first and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ernst Kantorowicz — Ernst Hartwig Kantorowicz (* 3. Mai 1895 in Posen; † 9. September 1963 in Princeton, New Jersey) war ein deutscher Historiker und Mediävist. Zunächst dem George Kreis zugehörig, von dessen Vorstellungen sein bedeutendes Jugendwerk Kaiser… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ernst Hartwig Kantorowicz — (* 3. Mai 1895 in Posen; † 9. September 1963 in Princeton, New Jersey) war ein deutsch jüdischer Historiker und Mediävist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Forschung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • KANTOROWICZ (E. H.) — KANTOROWICZ ERNST H. (1895 1963) Auteur, tout d’abord, d’une monumentale biographie de Frédéric II Hohenstaufen (Kaiser Friedrich der Zweite , 1927, suivi d’un volume de notes en 1931), ouvrage qui ne fut publié en français qu’en 1987 (L’Empereur …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ernst Kantorowicz — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kantorowicz. Ernst Kantorowicz Naissance 3 mai 1895 Posen, aujourd hui Poznań Décès 9 septembre 1963 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ernst Kantorowicz — Ernst Hartwig Kantorowicz (May 3 1895 September 9 1963) was a German Jewish historian of medieval political and intellectual history, known for his 1927 book Kaiser Friedrich der Zweite on Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, and in particular The… …   Wikipedia

  • Kantorowicz — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adolph Kantorowicz (1836–1906), deutscher Eisenwarenhändler und Landtagsabgeordneter in Posen Alfred Kantorowicz (Zahnmediziner) (1880–1962), deutscher Zahnmediziner, Bruder von Hermann Kantorowicz Alfred… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kantorowicz —   [ vɪtʃ],    1) Alfred, Publizist, Literarhistoriker und Schriftsteller, * Berlin 12. 8. 1899, ✝ Hamburg 27. 3. 1979. Kantorowicz, der sich 1931 der KPD anschloss, emigrierte 1933 nach Frankreich und kämpfte 1936 38 als Offizier der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kantorowicz — is a surname and may refer to:* Ernst Hartwig Kantorowicz, historian * Hermann Kantorowicz, jurist and civil lawyer …   Wikipedia

  • Ernst Fuchs (Jurist) — Ernst Fuchs (* 15. Oktober 1859 in Weingarten bei Karlsruhe; † 10. April 1929 in Karlsruhe) war ein deutscher Rechtsanwalt und Freirechtler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Freirechtsbewegung 3 Familie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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